What is the MCL?
The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the ligament located on the inner part of the knee joint. It runs from the femur (thighbone) to the top of the tibia (shinbone) and helps in stabilizing the knee.
Causes of MCL Tears
An MCL injury can result in a stretch, partial tear or complete tear of the ligament. Injuries to the MCL commonly occur because of pressure or stress applied the outside of the knee. An MCL injury can also occur along with other ligament injuries, such a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).
Symptoms of MCL Tears
An MCL tear can be associated with pain, swelling, and locking or catching sensation in the knee during movement. You may also feel as though your knee may buckle or give way suddenly.
Diagnosis of MCL Tears
Diagnosis is based on a physical examination of your knee. In addition, imaging tests such as X-rays and MRI scan may be required.
Treatment of MCL Tears
Treatment for MCL tears is mostly non-surgical. Non-surgical treatment consists of rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE protocol), which assists in controlling pain and swelling. You may require a knee brace to protect the ligament as it heals . Physical therapy exercises may be recommended to improve knee motion and strength.Surgery may be required occasionally for an MCL injury.
Mr Taneja will discuss the most suitable treatment for you after examination and a review of your investigations .